Reconstruction of the city of Nalchik and preservation of its heritage
Z.Kh. Chipova, engineer;
V.F. Kasyanov, prof., Doctor of tech. science
Moscow State University of Civil Engineering
(National Research University)
Abstract. Throughout the world, small towns are the custodians of cultural heritage and national originality, the main features of which are uniqueness and color. The tendency of preservation of architectural heritage of the city of Nalchik, founded about 300 years ago and having many buildings and constructions of historical significance is considered in this article, the characteristics, analysis and problems of modern development are disclosed here, and the perspective of tourism development in Nalchik is also considered. Scale, rhythm, materials, the whole style of additions in urban development should, as far as possible, continue the features of the existing framework.
On the example of the city of Nalchik, possible ways of transforming the functionalplanning structure are considered, aimed both at preserving the natural attractiveness of a small city, and for discovering new opportunities for urban development.
Key words: architecture, restoration, school, professional intuition, apperception, orders, decorative decoration system.